Public Health Fact Sheet

What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused that can infect men and women.  Chlamydia often has no symptoms but can lead to complications such as infertility.

How is Chlamydia spread?
Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex. It can also be passed from an infected mother to her unborn child
during vaginal birth.

What do I do if I am exposed or notice symptoms?
Contact your doctor for testing and treatment.  Once diagnosed, make sure all recent sexual partners have been contacted and encouraged to seek treatment as well.

How is Chlamydia treated?
Chlamydia can easily be treated and cured with antibiotics.  Azithromycin or Doxycycline are the most common antibiotics used to treat Chlamydia. All sex partners need to be evaluated and treated at the same time to avoid re-infection. Sexual contact should be avoided until after treatment has been completed.  You should get retested three months after treatment to ensure you have not been re-infected.  If Chlamydia is left untreated it can result in ectopic pregnancy, infertility, and pelvic inflammatory disease. It is recommended that sexually active women should be screened at least annually.

How can we prevent Chlamydia?
Abstinence from sexual activity is the best form of protection.  Latex male condoms will offer some protection against chlamydia.  Being in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and known to be uninfected is another form of prevention.

Additional information is available on the CDC website at
Symptoms of Chlamydia
Female Symptoms:
Male Symptoms:
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Burning with urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Low back pain
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Burning with urination
  • Burning or itching around the opening of the penis

February 2020