Enterovirus D68 (non-polio enterovirus)
Livingston County, MichiganHealth DepartmentPersonal HealthEnterovirus D68 (non-polio enterovirus)

Enterovirus D68 (non-polio enterovirus)


What is Enterovirus D68?
Enteroviruses are very common viruses; there are more than 100 types. Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is one of many non-polio enteroviruses that occur less frequently. EV-D68 can cause mild to severe respiratory illness. Most enterovirus infections in the United States occur during the summer and fall.

How is it spread?
EV-D68 is found in an infected person’s respiratory secretions, such as saliva, nasal mucus, or sputum. The virus spreads from person to person when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or touches contaminated surfaces.

How is it treated?
For mild respiratory illness, you can help relieve symptoms by taking over-the-counter medications for pain and fever. There is no specific treatment, vaccine or anti-viral medications currently available for EV-D68 infections. Some people with severe respiratory illness may need to be hospitalized.

How can we prevent EV-D68?
  • Washing hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid kissing, hugging, and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who are sick.
  • Disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs, especially if someone is sick.
Mild symptoms:
  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Cough/body and muscle aches
More severe symptoms:
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty breathing