Enterovirus D68 (non-polio enterovirus)
Livingston County, MichiganHealth DepartmentPersonal HealthEnterovirus D68 (non-polio enterovirus)

Enterovirus D68 (non-polio enterovirus)

Public Health Fact Sheet

What is Enterovirus D68?
Enteroviruses are very common viruses.  There are more than 100 types. Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) causes mild to severe respiratory illnesses. EV-D68 is more common in the summer and fall.

How is EV-D68 spread?
Since EV-D68 causes respiratory illness, the virus can be found in an infected person's respiratory secretions, such as saliva, nasal mucus or sputum (mucus-like secretions from the lungs).  EV-D68 likely spreads from person to person when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or touches a surface that is then touched by others.

How is EV-D68  treated?
There is no specific treatment for EV-D68.  For mild respiratory illness, you can help relieve symptoms by taking over-the-counter medications for pain and fever.  Some people experiencing severe respiratory symptoms may need to be hospitalized.

How can I prevent EV-D68?
  • Wash hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands
  • Avoid kissing, hugging, and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who are sick
  • Disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs, especially if someone is sick

Additional information is available on the CDC website at www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus/  
Symptoms of EV-D68
Mild symptoms:
  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Body and muscle aches
More severe symptoms:
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty breathing

February 2020