PUBLIC HEALTH FACT SHEET
What is Marijuana?
Marijuana is a common plant also known as “grass”, “pot”, “weed”. It can be hand-rolled marijuana cigarettes (joints), loose marijuana (smoked in pipes), hashish (condensed forms of marijuana that look like small balls of tar or dark clay).
What are the short-term effects of using marijuana?
- Difficulty keeping track of time, impaired or reduced short term memory
- Reduced ability to perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination, such as driving a car
- Increased heart rate
- Bloodshot eyes
- Dry mouth and throat
- Decreased social inhibitions
- Paranoia, hallucinations
What are the long-term effects of using marijuana?
- Enhanced cancer risk, increased risk of chronic pulmonary disorders
- Decreases in testosterone levels for men; also lower sperm counts and decreased fertility
- Increase in testosterone levels for women; also increased risk of infertility
- Diminished or extinguished sexual pleasure
- Psychological dependence requiring more of the drug to get the same effect
- Short-term memory loss
Can marijuana affect pregnancy?
marijuana during pregnancy creates risks for the unborn child. It
reduces oxygen supply to the fetus. It also causes miscarriages and low
birth weight. A woman who is pregnant, considering pregnancy or
breastfeeding should not use marijuana.