Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis

PUBLIC HEALTH FACT SHEET

What is Mono?
Mononucleosis or “Mono” is caused by a virus, and occurs primarily in adolescents and young adults. Infected individuals experience fatigue, fever, and a general feeling of malaise and lethargy.

How is it spread?
Mono is mildly contagious and is usually spread through direct mouth contact.

How is it treated?
To help speed recovery it is important to get adequate rest, eat a balanced diet, drink plenty of fluids, and limit physical activity.

How can we prevent Mono?

  • Mono is spread through saliva—which brings truth to the nickname the “kissing disease.” Avoid all oral contact including kissing and drinking from or using the same utensils as individuals that have the symptoms of mono.
  • Always remember to use general good hygiene measures including hand washing.
SYMPTOMS OF MONONUCLEOSIS
  • Sore Throat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headaches
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen glands
  • Muscle aches
  • Skin rash
  • Spleen enlarged
  • Liver enlarged
  • General feeling of tiredness