PUBLIC HEALTH FACT SHEET
What is Mumps?
Mumps is a vaccine preventable infectious viral disease. The virus can spread to multiple tissues and can cause swelling of the salivary glands, pancreas, testes, ovaries, brain and spinal cord.
How is it spread?
Infection can occur by breathing in droplets projected into the air by a person with mumps, or by direct contact with the saliva of an infected person.
How is it treated?
- Treatment is symptomatic.
- Physicians may recommend use of acetaminophen to control fever.
- Maintain rest as needed.
- Encourage fluid intake.
How can we prevent Mumps?
- Mumps is a vaccine preventable disease.
- Two doses of mumps vaccine combined with measles and rubella (MMR) is recommended.
- The initial MMR is given at 12-15 months of age, & the second dose is given at school entry (age 4-6).
SYMPTOMS OF MUMPS
- Some infections occur without noticeable symptoms except a slight rise in temperature for a few days.
severe infections include headache, fever up to 103 degrees for 3-4
days, swelling of the glands in neck and face on one or both sides,
sensitivity to light.