PUBLIC HEALTH FACT SHEET
What is Shigella?
Shigella is a bacteria that gets into the intestines and causes illness.
How is it spread?
It is directly spread by an infected person who does not wash hands after having a bowel movement or changing the diapers of an infected child. It is indirectly spread by eating something prepared by an infected person who has not properly cleaned their hands and fingernails.
How is it treated?
Shigella is usually diagnosed by checking a stool sample. Your doctor may prescribe medication; make sure you use all the medication, even if you feel better. It is important to continue drinking liquids like clear juices, broth, jello, tea, or pop. If you are a food-handler, or if you work or attend a day care center, you should not work, or attend, until symptoms are gone. You may need to submit another stool sample to make sure the bacteria is gone.
How can we prevent Shigella?
- Practice good hygiene.
- Always wash your hands after going to the toilet and before preparing food.
SYMPTOMS OF SHIGELLA
- Diarrhea (may contain blood and mucus)