Zika Virus

Zika Virus

Public Health Fact Sheet

What is Zika Virus?
Zika Virus is a mosquito-borne virus that, in most people, generally causes mild "flu-like" illness. Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect of the brain called microcephaly and other severe brain defects. It is also linked to other problems, such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and other birth defects. There have also been increased reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome, an uncommon sickness of the nervous system, in areas affected by Zika.

How is Zika Virus spread?
Zika is most commonly spread by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. Zika can be passed from a pregnant women to her fetus. Zika can be passed through sex from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners.

What is Zika Virus treated?
There is no vaccine or specific treatment for Zika Virus infection. Many people infected with Zika virus won't have symptoms or will only have mild symptoms. Get plenty of rest and stay hydrated. If you think you or a family member might have become infected with Zika Virus, talk with your health care provider.

How is Zika Virus prevented?
The most effective way to prevent Zika Virus is to prevent mosquito bites. Use insect repellent (20%-30% DEET works best), wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, treat clothing and gear and take steps to control mosquitos indoors and outdoors.

Additional information is available on the CDC website at www.cdc.gov/zika/
Symptoms of Zika Virus
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Red eyes (conjunctivitis)
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Skin rash
  • Vomiting

February 2020