PUBLIC HEALTH FACT SHEET
What is Zika Virus?
Zika is a disease caused by the Zika virus that is spread to people mainly from the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito.
How is Zika Virus spread?
Zika virus is mainly transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito. Transmission may also rarely occur from a pregnant mother to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. Spread of the virus through blood transfusion and sexual contact has been reported.
What is the treatment for Zika Virus?
Treatment is generally rest, controlling nausea, relieving pain and fever with medicine like acetaminophen (do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), and staying hydrated by drinking fluids.
How can Zika Virus be prevented?
The best way to prevent Zika virus is by avoiding mosquito bites. Mosquitos that spread Zika virus bite mostly during the day.
SYMTPOMS OF ZIKA VIRUS
- Joint pain
- Red eyes (conjunctivitis)
- Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, pain behind the eyes, and vomiting